Unlie an informal essay, formal essays have a specific structure and are often very lengthy. !lthough the structure varies depending on the type of essay, formal essays have a defined introduction, body and conclusion. Formal essays also re"uire the use of a professional tone and third person narrative. #ince formal essays are often $ritten to summari%e research, in&text citations and references must be listed to add credibility to the document. !dditionally, formal essays usually have a narro$ed focus and explore a subject in&depth.
ELEMENTS OF ESSAY
( your main insight or idea about a text or topic, and the main proposition )though it mayhave several parts* that your essay demonstrates. It should be true but arguable )not obviously or patently true, but one alternative among several*, be limited enough in scope to be argued in ashort composition and $ith available evidence, and get to the heart of the text or topic beinganaly%ed )not be peripheral*. It should be given early )not just be implied && though its fullest andsharpest statement may be $ithheld for a time*, and it should govern the $hole essay )notdisappear in places*.+.
( the reason, $hich you establish at the start of your essay, $hy a reader )someonebesides your instructor* might $ant to read an essay on this topic, needs to hear your particular thesis argued and explained. -o$ is it that your thesis isnt just obvious, that other people hold or might hold other vie$s )$hich you thin need correction or adjustment* or need enlightening. /our motive $ont necessarily be the reason you first got interested in the topic, or the personalmotiv
behind your engagement $ith it, $hich could be private and idiosyncratic( indeed its$hat you say to suggest that your argument
idiosyncratic, but rather of interest to all seriousstudents of your topic. 0or should the others you posit $ho hold another vie$, might be pu%%led or surprised, might have missed something, be stra$ dummies. /our motive should be a genuine( amisapprehension or pu%%le that an intelligent reader $ould plausibly have and argue for, a pointthat such a reader $ould really overloo. 1efining motive should be the main business of your introductory paragraphs, $here it is usually introduced by a form of the complicating $ord 23ut.24.
( the data && facts, examples, or details && that you refer to, "uote, or summari%e tosupport your thesis. There needs to be
evidence to be persuasive5 it needs to be theright
of evidence to support the thesis )$ith no obvious pieces of evidence overlooed*5 itneeds to be sufficiently
for the reader to trust it )e.g. in textual analysis, it often helps tofind one or t$o ey or representative passages to "uote and focus on*5 and if summari%ed, it needsto be summari%ed
( the $or of breaing do$n, interpreting, and commenting upon your data, of saying$hat can be inferred from the data such that it supports a thesis )is
for something*. !nalysis is $hat you do $ith data $hen you go beyond observing or summari%ing it( you sho$ ho$its parts contribute to a $hole or ho$ causes contribute to an effect5 you dra$ out the significance
This lesson allows you to begin your journey into understanding yourself as a Filipino which will hopefully lead you to mastering yourself. You will know about the desirable traits of a true Filipino. It will help you answer questions about your role and duties as a citizen of this country. You must aim to: 1. show respect and appreciation for the national symbols of the Philippines; 2. discuss desirable Filipino traits and values; 3. use four words adjectives in describing yourself as a Filipino;
4. use information presented in a reading or viewing selection to infer, to evaluate, and to express critical ideas; and 5. respond to ideas, issues, and concerns presented in a reading or viewing selection in creative forms; II. Subject Matter Topic : I am a Filipino by Carlos P. Romulo Reference : English for Communication Arts and Skill pp. 181-185 Materials : bell, pictures, cartolina, power point presentation, ,laptop and other improvised materials. III. Procedure Teacher’s Activity A. Routines 1. Opening Prayer 2. Classroom Management 3. Checking of Attendance B. Priming/Motivation What is it? Now, class let’s have a guessing game. I will show you blurred pictures and try to guess what is portrayed in the given pictures.
I will be giving you three clues to easily guess those pictures. I will group you into two groups. If you know the answer, just press the bell. For every question there are five members who will represent your group. So all of you will have the chance to answer. The winning group will receive a prize later, after the class. So now, APOLLO are you ready? (Visual presentations are provided. )Clues: It helps the people in carrying heavy things. According to a fable, its skin switched with a cow. It has horns. What is it? Clues: It can be used as necklace.
We usually give it to our Saints. It smells good. What is it? Clues: It serves as our viand. Its name is a compound word. It has many bones. What is it? Clues: It tastes sour sometimes sweet. It can be used in making candies. It is rich in vitamin C. What is it? Clues: It is used as material in making furnitures. It has a seed that has thorns. It is the strongest tree. What is it? What did you notice with those images? Is there a resemblance among them? Yes, very good. All of them are our national symbols. I’m glad that you are still aware of our national symbols. b.
UNLOCKING OF DIFFICULTIES As we read the selection, we may encounter different words that will hinder us to understand the text, so in order us to find no difficulty in understanding let us be familiar with these words. Directions: Identify the meaning of the underlined word in each sentence. Analyze the sentence in order to get the real meaning of it. Your Initial Task (Visual aids are provided. )___1. The Filipinos are inheritors of the glorious past. ___2. Our rivers and lakes are teeming with fish. ___3. Early Filipinos are considered rich with their appurtenances in the different parts of their body.
___4. The purple invitation beckoned them to come in rich and happy land. ___5. The frail craft rocked as he clambered. Before we go on discovering what molded us as Filipinos, let’s identify the characteristics that we inherit from our ancestors. | Students’ Activity Yes. (Students form their group. ) Carabao (Students guess the picture. ) Sampaguita (Students guess the picture. ) Milkfish (Students guess the picture. ) Mango/ mangoes (Students guess the picture. ) Narra tree (Students guess the picture. ) Those are the Philippines’ national symbols. a. signaled b. heir c.
weak d. accessories e. full of f. strong Answers: 1. heir 2. full of 3. accessories 4. signaled 5. weak| Task 2. How I View Myself As a Filipino On a half-sheet of paper, complete the graphic organizer below by writing at least four traits or physical appearances which you believe you have as a Filipino. I am a Filipino C. LESSON PROPER (The teacher gives the annotated material to the students. ) But before you read the selection, I want to ask you a question; do you feel proud about being a Filipino? Now let’s discover if your opinion will change after reading this selection.
Class, please read silently the reading material. (After reading the selection. ) Who am I? is a question that every thoughtful person asks himself or herself. And there was a man who answered this question in the name of every Filipino. Do you know this person? Yes, very good! ( Visual presentations are provided. ) Anyone, please read. So, let’s move on and dig deeper with this selection. In paragraph 1, the author refers to a two-fold responsibility of a Filipino, what is his responsibility to the past and his task in relation to the future?
What do you think is our responsibility to the past as a Filipino? How about our task to the future? In paragraph 2, what qualities of our ancestors did we inherit? Yes, we inherited some of their physical appearances. Aside from their physical appearances. We also inherited their sense of hope by not easily giving up with the challenges we are facing. In paragraph 3 and 4 we get a picture of the land we inherited. Will you please describe this land in two adjectives? But, where is this land that the author is referring to, the land that we inherited?
That’s true, we all know that the Philippines is rich in natural resources so we must conserve and protect those resources. In paragraph 5 and 6, he mentioned of another great inheritance. What is it? And the seed that we are referring to is the courage of our heroes in facing challenges, their love for our country, bravery to attain our freedom and receive what is rightfully ours. Therefore, what is the main message of this selection? And if needed, we must also fight and protect our country from the conquerors. D.
Valuing Now I will ask you same question, did you feel proud about being a Filipino after reading the selection? Why? IV. Evaluation On a half sheet of bond paper, I want you to draw an image that symbolizes you as a Filipino. CLOSURE Synthesis What are the things that you can promise that you will do as a proud Filipino? Insights Now that you are aware of your inheritance, what are the ways you can contribute to protect your glorious inheritance? How? V. HOMEWORK (On a short bond paper. ) We all know that we achieved our freedom from the colonizers because our heroes defended our country.
Have a picture of the hero you adored the most and his/her contribution to our country. | hospitableI am a Filipino Filipino conservative optimistic cooperative Yes / No. He is Carlos P. Romulo, the author of the selection I am a Filipino. He is a writer, lecturer, statesman, diplomat and a journalist. He was elected as president of United Nations General Assembly, the only Filipino and the first Asian to hold that prestigious position. His task is to meet his responsibility to the past and the task of performing his obligation to the future. (Students’ answers may vary.)
To fight for our freedom. To protect what they inherited us. (Students’ answers may vary. ) Our task to the future is to continue pursuing our rights as a Filipino and fight for it. (Students’ answers may vary. ) We inherited their brown skin. (Students’ answers may vary. ) Their bravery in fighting from the invaders. (Students’ answers may vary. ) Rich and happy land. (Students’ answers may vary. ) It is the Philippines. (Students’ answers may vary. ) Immortal seed as mark of personhood and symbol of dignity as a human being. (Students’ answers may vary.)
As a Filipino, we must not forget what our heroes did for us, for our country. We must be proud of them and continue remembering them in our hearts. (Students’ answers may vary. ) Yes, because the Filipinos especially our heroes defended our country to achieve our freedom. (Students draw an image of something. ) I promise that I will give respect to our national heroes, symbols, and do good deeds. (Students’ answers may vary. ) One of the glorious inheritances from our ancestors is our dignity. I will try my very best to do good things in accordance with what is right. (Students’ answers may vary. ) |