Annotated Bibliography – Rough Draft 4/2/15 Final Draft 4/7/15An annotated bibliography combine the citation found in the Reference lit at theend of document in A!A format "ith annotation about each of the ource# $he "ord annotation can ha%e e%eral meaning in a compoition cla& but for thi aignment annotation are mall ummarie of your ource# For thi aignment& you "ill contruct an annotated bibliography "ith ource that help to engage the multiple ide to your community iue or problem that you ha%e elected to focu on for the emeter#
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,our annotated bibliography "ill conit of the ource that you ha%e deemed rele%ant to your topic and/or +uetion-. of in+uiry# hile you may encounter ource that are not rele%ant or do not 0t the cope of your pro)ect "hile reearching& for the purpoe of thi aignment& you "ill only include the one that you 0nd ueful and rele%ant# ,our annotation hould generally contain the follo"ing element 3itation of the ource in proper A!A format# $he citation hould be organi'ed in alphabetical order by author )ut a in an A!A Reference page# A brief annotation that ummari'e the ource -appro# 65 entence.# ,ou may ue hort +uote from the ource& but do not copy and pate the abtract# deally& all of the annotation hould be in your o"n "ord# A 162 entence eplanation of the ource8 rele%ance and importance to your iue#
$he annotated bibliography i a fairly rigid genre# ,our citation mut adhere to A!A format# $hi "ill be one of the central component of the grade for thi aignment# Failure to follo" A!A format eactly "ill harm your grade# $he annotation for each ource hould follo" an academic tyle# $hi mean that you mut contruct& "ith ele%ated and ophiticated language& correct grammatical entence that e*ecti%ely ummari'e "hat each ource ha to ay# Additionally& youhould eplain ho" each ource i rele%ant to the iue that you ha%e elected and "hat it add to your (no"ledge about your iue# 9peci0c guideline to follo" "hen completing thi aignment are 1:615 ource of %ariou type -boo(& article& "ebite& etc#.# 9ource focued around a narro"ed iue or +uetion of in+uiry#
What is an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography is a list of the sources (e.g. books, journal articles, etc.) that you used to research a topic in preparation for writing a term paper. In an annotated bibliography, each source in the list is followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph of 4-5 sentences (approx. 150 words or more), which can also include its relevance to your paper topic. An annotated bibliography should inform the reader by providing a clear indication of each source's relevancy, accuracy and quality.
Sample entries from annotated bibliographies
Summary/descriptive type (in APA style)
Sampson, R. J., Raudenbush, S. W., & Earls, F. (1997). Neighborhoods and violent crime: A multilevel study of collective efficacy. Science, 277, 918–924.
Analysis of data gathered by the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods indicates that although racial and socioeconomic inequalities are relevant factors, they are not the singular or primary influences on neighborhood crime. Findings suggest that neighborhood violence is predicted by measures of informal social control, social cohesion and trust, and perceptions of violence. Consistent with the social organization model, collective efficacy is shown to mediate the influence of residential stability in predicting neighborhood violence.
Note: the example above is taken from:
Brossoie, N., Graham, B., & Lee, S. (2005). Families and communities: An annotated bibliography. Family Relations: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Studies, 54(5), 666-675. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3729.2005.00350.x
Other sample entries
Purdue Online Writing Center (OWL) provides sample entries for the three main types of annotated bibliographies using APA, MLA, and Chicago styles: summary/descriptive, critical/evaluative, and combination
For more information, ask a librarian.